Toyota Tundra Service Manual: Check Bus 5 Lines for Short Circuit

DESCRIPTION

There may be a short circuit between the CAN main bus lines and/or CAN branch lines when the resistance between terminals 15 (CA5H) and 16 (CA5L) of the central gateway ECU (network gateway ECU) is below 54 Ω.

Symptom

Trouble Area

Resistance between terminals 15 (CA5H) and 16 (CA5L) of the central gateway ECU (network gateway ECU) is below 54 Ω.

  • Short in CAN main bus lines
  • Short in CAN branch lines
  • Central gateway ECU (network gateway ECU)
  • Air conditioning amplifier assembly
  • Combination meter assembly
  • Main body ECU (multiplex network body ECU)
  • No. 5 CAN junction connector

WIRING DIAGRAM

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

CAUTION:

When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

NOTICE:

  • Because the order of diagnosis is important to allow correct diagnosis, make sure to begin troubleshooting using How to Proceed with Troubleshooting when CAN communication system related DTCs are output.

    Click here

  • Before measuring the resistance of the CAN bus, turn the ignition switch off and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more without operating the key or any switches, or opening or closing the doors. After that, disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more before measuring the resistance.
  • After turning the ignition switch off, waiting time may be required before disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal. Therefore, make sure to read the disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal notices before proceeding with work.

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  • Some parts must be initialized and set when replacing or removing and installing parts.

    Click here

  • After performing repairs, perform the DTC check procedure and confirm that the DTCs are not output again.

    DTC check procedure: Turn the ignition switch to ON and wait for 1 minute or more. Then operate the suspected malfunctioning system and drive the vehicle at 60 km/h (37 mph) or more for 5 minutes or more.

  • After the repair, perform the CAN bus check and check that all the ECUs and sensors connected to the CAN communication system are displayed as normal.

    Click here

HINT:

  • Before disconnecting related connectors for inspection, push in on each connector body to check that the connector is not loose or disconnected.
  • When a connector is disconnected, check that the terminals and connector body are not cracked, deformed or corroded.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK FOR SHORT IN CAN BUS WIRES (NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR)

(a) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal.

(b) Disconnect the No. 5 CAN junction connector.

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to No. 5 CAN Junction Connector)

*b

to Central Gateway ECU (Network Gateway ECU)

*c

to Air Conditioning Amplifier Assembly

*d

to Combination Meter Assembly

*e

to Main Body ECU (Multiplex Network Body ECU)

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

Connected to

J189-1 (CANH) - J189-12 (CANL)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

108 to 132 Ω

Central gateway ECU (network gateway ECU)

J189-2 (CANH) - J189-13 (CANL)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

200 Ω or higher

Air conditioning amplifier assembly

J189-3 (CANH) - J189-14 (CANL)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

108 to 132 Ω

Combination meter assembly

J189-4 (CANH) - J189-15 (CANL)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

200 Ω or higher

Main body ECU (multiplex network body ECU)

Result

Proceed to

OK

A

NG (Central gateway ECU [network gateway ECU] CAN main wire)

B

NG (Combination meter assembly CAN main wire)

C

NG (ECU or sensor CAN branch wire)

D

A

REPLACE NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR

C

GO TO STEP 4

D

GO TO STEP 5

B

2.

CONNECT CONNECTOR

(a) Reconnect the J189 No. 5 CAN junction connector.

NEXT

3.

CHECK FOR SHORT IN CAN BUS WIRES (CENTRAL GATEWAY ECU [NETWORK GATEWAY ECU] - NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR)

(a) Disconnect the central gateway ECU (network gateway ECU) connector.

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Central Gateway ECU [Network Gateway ECU])

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

J169-15 (CA5H) - J169-16 (CA5L)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

108 to 132 Ω

OK

REPLACE CENTRAL GATEWAY ECU (NETWORK GATEWAY ECU)

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE CAN MAIN WIRE OR CONNECTOR (CENTRAL GATEWAY ECU [NETWORK GATEWAY ECU] - NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR)

4.

CHECK FOR SHORT IN CAN BUS WIRES (COMBINATION METER ASSEMBLY - NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR)

(a) Disconnect the combination meter assembly connector.

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Combination Meter Assembly)

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

J28-39 (CANH) - J28-40 (CANL)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

108 to 132 Ω

OK

REPLACE COMBINATION METER ASSEMBLY

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE CAN MAIN WIRE OR CONNECTOR (COMBINATION METER ASSEMBLY - NO. 5 CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR)

5.

CHECK FOR SHORT IN CAN BUS WIRES (ECU, SENSOR)

(a) Reconnect all wire harness connectors.

(b) Disconnect the connector that includes terminals CANH and CANL from the ECU or sensor to which the short circuited branch line is connected.

Click here

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

J169-15 (CA5H) - J169-16 (CA5L)

Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

54 to 69 Ω

HINT:

  • If the resistance becomes normal (between 54 and 69 Ω) when the connector is disconnected from the ECU or sensor, there may be a short in the ECU or sensor.
  • If the resistance does not become normal when the connector is disconnected from the ECU or sensor, check for a short in the wire harness and repair or replace the wire harness or connector if necessary.

*a

Component with harness connected

(Central Gateway ECU [Network Gateway ECU])

OK

REPLACE ECU OR SENSOR

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

    Check Bus 5 Line for Short to GND

    Combination Meter ECU Communication Stop Mode

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