Toyota Tundra Service Manual: Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Low Input (Bank 1 or Single Sensor) (P0327,P0328,P032C,P032D,P0332,P0333,P033C,P033D)

Toyota Tundra Service Manual / Engine, Hybrid System / 1ur-fe Engine Control / Sfi System / Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Low Input (Bank 1 or Single Sensor) (P0327,P0328,P032C,P032D,P0332,P0333,P033C,P033D)

DESCRIPTION

A flat type knock sensor (non-resonant type) has a structure that can detect vibrations between approximately 5 kHz and 15 kHz.

Knock sensors are fitted onto the engine block to detect engine knocking.

The knock sensor contains a piezoelectric element which generates a voltage when it becomes deformed.

The voltage is generated when the engine block vibrates due to knocking. Any occurrence of engine knocking can be suppressed by delaying the ignition timing.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0327

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) is 0.5 V or less

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Short in knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1)
  • ECM

P0328

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) is 4.5 V or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open in knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1)
  • ECM

P0332

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) is 0.5 V or less

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Short in knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  • ECM

P0333

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) is 4.5 V or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open in knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  • ECM

P032C

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) is 0.5 V or less

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Short in knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2)
  • ECM

P032D

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) is 4.5 V or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open in knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2)
  • ECM

P033C

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) is 0.5 V or less

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Short in knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  • ECM

P033D

Output voltage of knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) is 4.5 V or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open in knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) circuit
  • Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  • ECM

HINT:

When DTC P0327, P0328, P0332, P0333, P032C, P032D, P033C or P033D is stored, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. During fail-safe mode, the ignition timing is delayed to its maximum retardation. Fail-safe mode continues until the ignition switch is turned off.

Reference: Inspection using an oscilloscope

Standard:

Tester Connection

Tool Setting

Condition

Specified Condition

D74-94 (KNK1) - D74-93 (EKNK)

0.01 to 10 V/DIV.

0.01 to 10 msec./DIV.

Keep engine speed at 4000 rpm with warm engine

The correct waveform is as shown

D74-117 (KNK2) - D74-116 (EKN2)

0.01 to 10 V/DIV.

0.01 to 10 msec./DIV.

Keep engine speed at 4000 rpm with warm engine

The correct waveform is as shown

D74-96 (KNK3) - D74-95 (EKN3)

0.01 to 10 V/DIV.

0.01 to 10 msec./DIV.

Keep engine speed at 4000 rpm with warm engine

The correct waveform is as shown

D74-119 (KNK4) - D74-118 (EKN4)

0.01 to 10 V/DIV.

0.01 to 10 msec./DIV.

Keep engine speed at 4000 rpm with warm engine

The correct waveform is as shown

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The knock sensor, located on the cylinder block, detects spark knock. When spark knock occurs, the piezoelectric element of the sensor vibrates. When the ECM detects a voltage in this frequency range, it retards the ignition timing to suppress the spark knock.

The ECM also senses background engine noise with the knock sensor and uses this noise to check for faults in the sensor. If the knock sensor signal level is too low for more than 10 seconds, or if the knock sensor output voltage is outside the normal range, the ECM interprets this as a fault in the knock sensor and stores a DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0327: Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) open/short (Low voltage)

P0328: Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 1) open/short (High voltage)

P0332: Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) open/short (Low voltage)

P0333: Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 1) open/short (High voltage)

P032C: Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) open/short (Low voltage)

P032D: Knock sensor (for Bank 1 Sensor 2) open/short (High voltage)

P033C: Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) open/short (Low voltage)

P033D: Knock sensor (for Bank 2 Sensor 2) open/short (High voltage)

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Knock sensor (Bank 1, 2 Sensor 1, 2)

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

1 second

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Monitor runs whenever following DTCs are not present

None

Battery voltage

10.5 V or more

Time after engine start

5 seconds or more

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Knock Sensor Range Check (Low Voltage): P0327, P0332, P032C and P033C

Knock sensor voltage

Below 0.5 V

Knock Sensor Range Check (High Voltage): P0328, P0333, P032D and P033D

Knock sensor voltage

Higher than 4.5 V

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  3. Clear DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC operation).
  4. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  5. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  6. Start the engine and wait 10 seconds.
  7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes.
  8. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / All Readiness.
  10. Input the DTC: P0327, P0328, P032C, P032D, P0332, P0333, P033C or P033D.
  11. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Tester Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    N/A

    • Unable to perform DTC judgment
    • Number of DTCs which do not fulfill DTC preconditions has reached ECU memory limit

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result shows INCOMPLETE or N/A, idle the engine for 5 minutes and check the DTC judgment result again.
  12. If no pending DTC is output, perform a universal trip and check for permanent DTCs (See page ).

    HINT:

    • If a permanent DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If no permanent DTC is output, the system is normal.

WIRING DIAGRAM

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • Bank 1 refers to the bank that includes the No. 1 cylinder*.

    *: The No. 1 cylinder is the cylinder which is farthest from the transmission.

  • Bank 2 refers to the bank that does not include the No. 1 cylinder.
  • DTCs P0327 and P0328 are for the bank 1 sensor 1 knock sensor circuit.
  • DTCs P032C and P032D are for the bank 1 sensor 2 knock sensor circuit.
  • DTCs P0332 and P0333 are for the bank 2 sensor 1 knock sensor circuit.
  • DTCs P033C and P033D are for the bank 2 sensor 2 knock sensor circuit.
  • Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. Freeze frame data records the engine condition when malfunctions are detected. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air-fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

INSPECT KNOCK SENSOR

(a) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

D74-94 (KNK1) - D74-93 (EKNK)

20°C (68°F)

120 to 280 kΩ

D74-117 (KNK2) - D74-116 (EKN2)

20°C (68°F)

120 to 280 kΩ

D74-96 (KNK3) - D74-95 (EKN3)

20°C (68°F)

120 to 280 kΩ

D74-119 (KNK4) - D74-118 (EKN4)

20°C (68°F)

120 to 280 kΩ

Result

Result

Proceed to

NG

A

OK

B

B

GO TO STEP 3

A

2.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (ECM - KNOCK SENSOR)

(a) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(b) Disconnect the knock sensor connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

a5-2 - D74-94 (KNK1)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a5-1 - D74-93 (EKNK)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a6-2 - D74-117 (KNK2)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a6-1 - D74-116 (EKN2)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a3-2 - D74-96 (KNK3)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a3-1 - D74-95 (EKN3)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a4-2 - D74-119 (KNK4)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a4-1 - D74-118 (EKN4)

Always

Below 1 Ω

a5-2 or D74-94 (KNK1) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a5-1 or D74-93 (EKNK) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a6-2 or D74-117 (KNK2) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a6-1 or D74-116 (EKN2) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a3-2 or D74-96 (KNK3) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a3-1 or D74-95 (EKN3) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a4-2 or D74-119 (KNK4) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

a4-1 or D74-118 (EKN4) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the knock sensor (See page ).

OK

REPLACE KNOCK SENSOR

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

3.

INSPECT ECM

(a) Disconnect the knock sensor connector.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Switch Condition

Specified Condition

a5-1 - a5-2

Ignition switch ON

4.5 to 5.5 V

a6-1 - a6-2

Ignition switch ON

4.5 to 5.5 V

a3-1 - a3-2

Ignition switch ON

4.5 to 5.5 V

a4-1 - a4-2

Ignition switch ON

4.5 to 5.5 V

OK

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

NG

REPLACE ECM

    Random / Multiple Cylinder Misfire Detected (P0300-P0308)

    Crankshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit (P0335,P0337-P0339)

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