Toyota Tundra Service Manual: Secondary Air Injection System Control "A" Circuit (P0418,P0419)

Toyota Tundra Service Manual / Engine, Hybrid System / 1ur-fe Engine Control / Sfi System / Secondary Air Injection System Control "A" Circuit (P0418,P0419)

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P0412 (See page ).

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0418

P0419

  • After cold engine start, all of following conditions met (2 trip detection logic):
    1. Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system not operating (air pump OFF, Air Switching Valve [ASV] OFF)
    2. Diagnostic signal from Air Injection Control Driver (AID) 20%
    3. Battery voltage 8 V or more
  • Open in air injection control driver circuit
  • Air pump
  • Air injection control driver
  • ECM

P0418

P0419

  • After cold engine start, all of following conditions met (2 trip detection logic):
    1. Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system operating (air pump ON, Air Switching Valve [ASV] ON)
    2. Diagnostic signal from Air Injection Control Driver (AID) 20%
    3. Battery voltage 8 V or more
  • Short between air injection control driver circuit and body ground
  • Air pump
  • Air injection control driver
  • ECM

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The Air Injection Control Driver (AID) detects open and short circuits according to the voltages of the air pump terminal (VP) and the Air Switching Valve (ASV) terminal (VV), and transmits diagnostic information as a signal to the ECM.

For a short time after a cold engine start, the ECM transmits command signals to the AID to drive the air pump and ASV.

The AID transmits an air pump malfunction signal to the ECM if either of the following conditions is met:

  • The voltage at the AID terminal relating to the air pump is low despite the AID receiving command signals from the ECM to drive the air pump.
  • The voltage at the AID terminal relating to the air pump is high despite the AID receiving no command signals from the ECM to drive the air pump.

The ECM stores the DTC based on diagnostic signals from the AID.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0418: Secondary air injection system air pump circuit range check (Bank 1)

P0419: Secondary air injection system air pump circuit range check (Bank 2)

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Air injection control driver

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

Air pump

Frequency of Operation

Once per drive cycle

Duration

3 seconds

MIL Operation

2 driving cycles

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Case 1

Monitor runs whenever following DTCs not present

None

Secondary air injection pump

Operating

Secondary air injection switching valve

Operating

Battery voltage

8 V or more

Ignition switch

ON

Starter

OFF

Case 2

Monitor runs whenever following DTCs not present

None

Secondary air injection pump

Not operating

Secondary air injection switching valve

Not operating

Battery voltage

8 V or more

Ignition switch

ON

Starter

OFF

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Diagnostic signal duty ratio from air injection control driver

11% or more, and 29% or less

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

Diagnostic signal duty ratio from air injection control driver

70% or more, and 90% or less when secondary air injection system operating.

0% when secondary air injection system not operating.

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

NOTICE:

  • This Secondary Air Injection Check only allows technicians to operate the AIR system for a maximum of 5 seconds.

    Furthermore, the check can only be performed up to 4 times per trip. If the test is repeated, intervals of at least 30 seconds are required between checks.

    While AIR system operation using the Techstream is prohibited, the Techstream display indicates the prohibition (WAIT or ERROR).

    If ERROR is displayed on the Techstream during the test, stop the engine for 10 minutes, and then try again.

  • Performing the Secondary Air Injection Check repeatedly may cause damage to the AIR system. If necessary, leave an interval of several minutes between System Check operations to prevent the system from overheating.
  • When performing the Secondary Air Injection Check operation after the battery cable has been reconnected, wait for 7 minutes with the ignition switch turned to ON or the engine running.
  • Turn the ignition switch off when the Secondary Air Injection Check operation finishes.
  1. Start the engine and warm it up.
  2. Turn the ignition switch off.
  3. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  4. Turn the ignition switch to ON.
  5. Turn the Techstream on.
  6. Clear DTCs (if set) (See page ).
  7. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  8. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / Secondary Air Injection Check / Automatic Mode.
  10. Start the engine after the Techstream initialization is finished.
  11. Perform the System Check operation by pressing ENTER (Next).
  12. Perform the following to confirm the AIR system pending codes: Press ENTER (Exit).
  13. Check for pending DTCs.

    OK:

    No pending DTC is output.

  14. After the "Secondary air injection check" is completed, check for All Readiness by entering the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / All Readiness.
  15. Input the DTC: P0418 or P0419.
  16. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Tester Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    N/A

    • Unable to perform DTC judgment
    • Number of DTCs which do not fulfill DTC preconditions has reached ECU memory limit

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
  17. If the test result is INCOMPLETE or N/A and no pending DTC is output, perform a universal trip and check for permanent DTCs (See page ).

    HINT:

    • If no permanent DTC is output, the system is normal.
    • If a permanent DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
  18. Turn the ignition switch off.

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P0412 (See page ).

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • By using the Techstream to perform the Secondary Air Injection Check operation in the System Check, the air-fuel ratio and the pressure in the secondary air injection system passage can be checked while the secondary air injection system is operating. This helps technicians to troubleshoot the system when it malfunctions.
  • Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. Freeze frame data records the engine condition when malfunctions are detected. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air-fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.
  • Bank 1 refers to the bank that includes the No. 1 cylinder*.

    *: The No. 1 cylinder is the cylinder which is farthest from the transmission.

  • Bank 2 refers to the bank that does not include the No. 1 cylinder.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (AIR PUMP - AIR INJECTION CONTROL DRIVER, BODY GROUND)

(a) Disconnect the cable from the battery negative (-) terminal.

(b) Disconnect the cable from the battery positive (+) terminal.

(c) Disconnect the air pump connector.

(d) Disconnect the air injection control driver (AID) connector.

(e) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

D89-2 (B) - D48-2 (VP)

Always

Below 1 Ω

D90-2 (+B) - D52-2 (VP2)

Always

Below 1 Ω

D48-1 (BATT) - Battery positive (+) terminal

Always

Below 1 Ω

D52-1 (BAT2) - Battery positive (+) terminal

Always

Below 1 Ω

D89-4 (E) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

D90-4 (GND) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

D89-2 (B) or D48-2 (VP) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

D90-2 (+B) or D52-2 (VP2) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

D48-1 (BATT) or Battery positive (+) terminal - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

D52-1 (BAT2) or Battery positive (+) terminal - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

2.

CHECK AIR PUMP

(a) Start the engine and warm it up.

(b) Turn the ignition switch off.

(c) Connect the 400 A probe of an ammeter to the (+) wire of the air pump.

(d) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(e) Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream ON.

(f) Start the engine.

(g) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / Secondary Air Injection Check / Manual Mode / AIR PUMP 1: ON, ASV1: OPEN, AIR PUMP 2: ON, ASV2: OPEN and AIR PUMP 1: OFF, ASV1: CLOSE, AIR PUMP 2: OFF, ASV2: CLOSE.

HINT:

When Manual Mode is selected, the Techstream initialization (atmospheric pressure measurement) is performed automatically. The initialization takes 10 seconds. After the initialization, AIR PUMP and ASV operation can be selected.

(h) Measure the current while the air pump is on and off.

Standard Current:

Tester Operation

Air Pump

ASV

Specified Condition

AIR PUMP: ON, ASV: OPEN

ON

OPEN

10 to 40 A

AIR PUMP: OFF, ASV: CLOSE

OFF

CLOSE

Below 1 A

NOTICE:

  • This Secondary Air Injection Check only allows technicians to operate the AIR system for a maximum of 5 seconds.

    Furthermore, the check can only be performed up to 4 times per trip. If the test is repeated, intervals of at least 30 seconds are required between checks.

    While AIR system operation using the Techstream is prohibited, the Techstream display indicates the prohibition (WAIT or ERROR).

    If ERROR is displayed on the Techstream during the test, stop the engine for 10 minutes, and then try again.

  • Performing the Secondary Air Injection Check repeatedly may cause damage to the AIR system. If necessary, leave an interval of several minutes between System Check operations to prevent the system from overheating.
  • When performing the Secondary Air Injection Check operation after the battery cable has been reconnected, wait for 7 minutes with the ignition switch turned to ON or the engine running.
  • Turn the ignition switch off when the Secondary Air Injection Check operation finishes.
OK

REPLACE AIR INJECTION CONTROL DRIVER (FOR BANK 1 OR BANK 2)

NG

3.

REPLACE AIR PUMP ASSEMBLY (FOR BANK 1 OR BANK 2)

(a) Replace the air pump assembly (for bank 1 or bank 2) (See page ).

NEXT

4.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P0418 AND/OR P0419)

(a) Start the engine and warm it up.

(b) Turn the ignition switch off.

(c) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(d) Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream ON.

(e) Clear DTCs (if set) (see page ).

(f) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / Secondary Air Injection Check / Automatic Mode.

(g) Start the engine after the Techstream initialization is finished.

(h) Perform the System Check operation by pressing Next.

(i) After operating the AIR system, perform the following to confirm the AIR system pending codes: Press the Exit button.

(j) Check pending DTCs.

OK:

No pending DTC is output.

(k) Turn the ignition switch off.

NOTICE:

  • When performing the Secondary Air Injection Check operation after the battery cable has been reconnected, wait for 7 minutes with the ignition switch turned to ON or the engine running.
  • Turn the ignition switch off when the Secondary Air Injection Check operation finishes.
OK

END

NG

REPLACE AIR INJECTION CONTROL DRIVER (FOR BANK 1 OR BANK 2)

    Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve "A" Circuit (P0412,P0415)

    Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1) (P0420,P0430)

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